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Improving the Quality of Education in Rural India

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The Indian demographic can be broadly divided into two categories, Rural and Urban. This divide is not on the basis of caste, religion or creed but the living standards of the community. Rural India is mostly dependent on agriculture while the urban population relies on technology and commerce for their livelihood. The disparity in the conditions of rural and urban India is a sore thumb in the otherwise fast-developing nation. What makes it worse is that the majority of the country’s population lives in the villages.And yet, the majority of India’s villages lack even the basic amenities. The biggest difference is in the field of education. According to the National Survey Scheme (NSS), 71st Round, 2014, the urban literacy rate is 79.5% while the rural is 69.1%. READ MORE

Why India should look beyond desalination

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The recent Chennai water crisis is a wake-up call for India. The irony of a city by the sea facing acute water shortage was not lost on any of the key stakeholders. The NITI Aayog has since announced plans of setting up desalination projects along India’s coastline. Desalination, or the process of turning seawater into drinking water, is being considered as a long-term solution to the drought-like situation across the country, especially during the summers.The process of desalination entails removal of salts and minerals from seawater, making it usable for domestic purposes. India already has around 1000 desalination plants, but none of these are large-scale. READ MORE

Low Energy Thermal Comfort strategy

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Post industrial revolution, energy is one of the quintessential need for human existence. The demand for energy has risen into many folds to meet the requirement of the present population of 130 billion in the world. Its usage spreads across various sectors like industry, commercial & public service, residential, transport, etc., which are among the top consumers of the generated electricity.As per the latest statistics provided by IEA, the total power generated in the world is approximately 25,500 TWh in which the contribution of fossil fuels is approximately 65% of the total generation while the generation through renewable sources is 30%. READ MORE

Transformation of Aspirational District Gajapati

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The Prime Minister launched the ‘Transformation of Aspirational Districts’ programme for transforming 115 backward or aspirational district in the vision of ‘Sabka Sath Sabka Vikas’,to raise the living standards of its citizens and to ensure inclusive growth for all. The districts were selected from all 28 states in a transparent manner. There are three core aspects that frame the structure of the programme – Convergence, Collaboration and Competition.The baseline ranking for the 115 Aspirational Districts is based on 49 indicators across five sectors that include health & nutrition, education, agriculture & water resources, financial inclusion & skill development, and basic infrastructure. There is an annual ranking of the performance of districts that are to be benchmarked as the best-performing districts in India. READ MORE

Circular Economy

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A lot has been said about consumerism and its aftermath in the last couple of decades. But despite the discourse, most developed societies have given in to the trap of the consumerist lifestyle. Whether it is for the allure of class, or the joy of possession, contemporary society is constantly fuelled by materialistic tendencies and thrives on it.From the time-tested systems of reuse and recycle, we moved to the age of use and throw, and while the world was busy looking for the next cool product, we have generated an unprecedented amount of waste. The great Pacific garbage patch is getting bigger every day while nations make feeble attempts to ban single-use plastics. READ MORE

IoT and its Uses in Generating and Managing Electricity

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We live in a world where technology is more deeply entrenched in our daily lives than ever before. The technological advancements have been so rapid and their effects so profound, that they have changed the very nature of our existence. The immense effect of technology on the environment is undeniable. In fact, we have moved past the adverse effects of technology and are now in an age where it is evolving to imitate nature and advance our environmental goals. However, in most such discussions, technology is seen as a distant, industrial phenomenon, irrelevant to our daily lives. We forget the trivial ways we can use technology to contribute to ecological stability. This is where Internet of Things comes in. READ MORE

Aquifer mapping and its effects on groundwater recharge

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For a hot tropical country like India, monsoons have always been a season of rejoicing and rejuvenation. The beauty of monsoons quenching the scorched lands have been a subject of poetry and romance in Indian literature since time immemorial. So, it is quite surprising, the turn monsoons have taken in recent years. In 2019 alone, as many as thirteen Indian states suffered severe floods resulting in huge loss of lives and property.It is ironic that just earlier this year, many parts of the country also faced drought-like situations during the summer. Acute water crisis has had a grave effect on our farmers for decades, so much so that reports of farmer suicide have ceased to have any effect on lawmakers or the public. READ MORE

Demand Side Management (DSM) in Residential Buildings

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For the starters, we think it is pertinent to give brief introduction of what is Internet of things (IoT) and Demand Side Management (DSM).Draft policy on Internet of things by Department of Electronics & Information Technology (DeitY), Ministry of Communication and Information Technology, Government of India defines IoT as a “seamless connected network system of embedded objects/devices, with identifiers, in which communication without any human intervention by using standard and interoperable communication protocols”.In simple words, IoT, is an environment under which daily-use objects, machines, physical devices, when given the ability to transfer data with or without human interaction over the internet, can interact and communicate amongst each other. READ MORE

Exploring IoT to drive Sustainability, Efficiency & Experience in existing buildings

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IoT marks a paradigm shift in the world of technology. In fact, one might say that the incorporation of technology into life that began with the Industrial revolution comes to an end as we move into the next stage: integration. It would be no exaggeration to say that the level of technological immersion that we do not give a second thought to today would have been unthinkable as recently as twenty years ago. The world at large has been in a constant state of flux, with updates coming in almost as soon as a piece of tech hits the market. Almost every chore in our personal lives that needed physical capital has been automated to some extent, if not entirely. READ MORE

Harnessing Greywater in Urban Residences


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With each passing away, the water crisis is getting worse. This necessitates that we consider our water usage and find ways to reduce waste. One of the most common ways of doing this is, of course, by being more thrifty in our daily habits. For instance, using a mug after brushing our teeth, instead of leaving the tap open, or switching from the shower to a bucket while taking a bath.Another approach, which can be used in tandem, is reusing the water. Water from bathroom sinks, showers, tubs and washing machines outlets is known as greywater. (It is important to note that water from toilets is not greywater. Because of the presence of faeces, it is categorised as blackwater.). READ MORE

India's Commitment to the Paris Accord


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The Paris Accord is an agreement aimed at combating climate change and accelerating and intensifying the actions and investments needed for a sustainable low carbon future. The goal of the Accord is to limit the global temperature increase to below 2oC (3.6 F) above pre-industrial levels by the year 2100. The best-case scenario hoped for is that the Accord will keep the increase to below 1.5oC (2.7 F). The agreement is also known as the 21st Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). READ MORE

Using technology to increase healthcare access


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Providing prompt and reliable healthcare is a challenge of massive proportions for a multitude of reasons, especially in under-developed or rural areas. The problem is a complex one and cannot be easily solved. However, thanks to recent technological advancements and breakthroughs, healthcare can become much more accessible to a greater population.In 2012, researchers at Rice University revealed a new way to convert solar energy directly into steam using light-absorbing nanoparticles. The technology has been operationalised in the form of a solar steam-powered autoclave for sterilizing medical and dental equipment. READ MORE

Energy-efficient building materials for affordable housing

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Since the primary concern while constructing houses and buildings is that they be durable and long-lasting, it makes a lot of environmental sense to pay attention to the materials used. For starters, the operational energy of new buildings has been steadily rising over the years, not to mention the considerable energy required for the manufacture and transportation of building materials. The second consideration is that of embodied energy.At present, the embodied energy used for the construction material is not taken into account. Conventional materials such as bricks, concrete, timber and steel require high amounts of energy for production, leading to increased greenhouse gas emissions. For instance, the production of 1 ton of cement produces 1 ton of carbon dioxide! READ MORE

Climate Change – The looming crisis that is bigger than the pandemic

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On the morning of 29th April this year, residents of Saharanpur, a quiet town in the plains of Western Uttar Pradesh, were in for a surprise. The residents of this little-known town could get a clear view of the peaks of Gangotri, situated at an aerial distance of at least 200 km, from their rooftops. Old timers believed that this is a first in almost 3 decades. Similar reports came in from the plains of Punjab and Bihar. READ MORE

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